Emerging Artists (Prints)

In the Indian context, the beginning of printmaking coincides with the introduction of printing in the 16th century by the Portuguese settlers in Goa. By mid-18th century, the practice flourished under the British colonial rule and eventually culminated in an indigenous form of its own. With the emergence of nationalist forces in the 20th century, printmaking became a tool through which a new Indian artistic identity was established.

Printmaking is an artistic process based on the principle of transferring images from a matrix onto another surface, most often paper or fabric. Traditional printmaking techniques include woodcut, etching, engraving, and lithography, while modern artists have expanded available techniques to include screen-printing.

A matrix is essentially a template and can be made
of wood, metal or glass. The design is created on the matrix by working its at surface with either tools or chemicals. The matrix is then inked in order to transfer it onto the desired surface. To print from a matrix requires the application of controlled pressure, most often achieved by using a printing press, which creates an even impression of the design when it is printed onto the paper or fabric. The resulting print is often the mirror image of the original design on the matrix.

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